Simple Studies in the Scripture
Epistle of Paul the Apostle to Timothy
Dr. Stanford E. Murrell
Student’s Study Guide
Human Author: Paul
Divine Author: God the Holy Spirit
Date Written: c. AD 65 or
Key thought: Protect the
“These things write
I unto thee, hoping to come unto thee shortly:
But if I tarry long, that thou mayest know how thou oughtest to behave
thyself in the house of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar
and ground of the truth.
1 Timothy 1
1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the
commandment of God our Saviour, and Lord Jesus Christ, which is our
1:1 Paul refers to his apostolic office in order to
silence his harsh critics. Time and again the apostle would experience the
harsh scorpion sting of the tongue of the slanderer. Some said Paul was too
harsh. Others said he was bold in print but meek in appearance. Paul must asset
his authority but having done that he stated that his authority did not come
from men but by the direct commandment of God the Father even the Lord Jesus
Christ (John 14:9). Paul did not assume the office he enjoyed. Rather, he was
entrusted with the responsibility of preaching as a chosen vessel (Acts
Savior. It is sometimes said the God of the Old Testament is a God of harsh
judgment. Nothing could be less true. It was God who so loved the world that He
planned redemption and gave His Son to that end. The death of Christ did not
enable God to love individuals. It was the love of God that motivated the Cross
(John 3:16; 1 John 4:10).
Lord Jesus Christ. The angel said, to Joseph, “Thou
shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins” (Matt.
1:21). The name “Jesus” means, “Jehovah is salvation”. He is
called Lord because He has the right to authority. He is called Christ because
He was the Anointed One, the Messiah. But He is called Jesus because He was
Jehovah come down to earth to take our humanity upon Himself and capture our
“Jesus is the sweetest name I know,
And He’s just the same
as His lovely Name,
And that’s the reason why I love Him so;
Oh, Jesus is the sweetest name I know.”
2 Unto Timothy, my own son in the
faith: Grace, mercy, and peace, from God our Father and Jesus Christ our
1:1 The word “eleos” or mercy is one of the
great words of the Bible. It speaks of an outward manifestation of pity. It
assumes need on the part of the one who receives it, and resources adequate to
the need on the part of the one who shows it. Paul
understood that he was the recipient of Divine mercy. Once he was lost and on
his way to a just and deserving hell. But a loving God expressed pity upon this
zealous, religious Jew who was doing horrible things in ignorance. One d
ay Paul saw the glorious light of the gospel. The
scales of darkness fell from his spiritual eyes and he beheld the resurrected
Lord in his splendor and glory. Jesus had great mercy on Paul and entrusted him
with the gospel. Now Paul prays that pity will be shown to Timothy for the
apostle knows that the milk of human kindness rapidly runs dry in the breasts
of those who are rebuked by the preaching of sound doctrine.
3 As I besought thee to abide still at
Ephesus, when I went into Macedonia, that thou mightest charge [instruct] some
that they teach no other doctrine,
1:3 Timothy enjoyed a unique relationship with Paul. A
summary of the biblical evidence indicates that Timothy was converted un the
apostle’s ministry (Acts 16:1; 14:6 cf. 2 Tim. 1:5), was circumcised by the
apostle (Acts 16:3), traveled with Paul (Acts 16:12; 1 Cor.
16:10; 2 Cor. 1:1; Rom. 16:21 and received much counsel
from Paul. Without question a godly love of mutual respect existed between Paul
and Timothy, his spiritual son in the faith
1:3 According to church tradition Paul was set free
following his appearance before Caesar and so he was able to travel as far west
as Spain preaching the gospel.
He returned to the East and ministered throughout Asia
Minor including different parts of Greece and Macedonia. After several years of
ministry he was arrested a second time. Brought before Nero in Rome he was
condemned to death. The first letter to Timothy seems to fit in between his
liberation and re-arrest while the second letter might have been written from
his death cell.
4 Neither give heed to fables and endless
genealogies, which minister questions, rather than godly edifying which is in
faith: so do.
1:3-4 Paul encouraged Timothy to remain at Ephesus
in order to build up the local assembly in spiritual matter and in sound
doctrine. Some in the congregation
attracted to mythical legends and adding them to the history of the Old
Testament. The popular teachings of the Gnostics also posed a serious
threat to sound doctrinal beliefs within the fellowship. The presence of
Timothy would help preserve purity.
5 Now the end [goal] of the commandment is
charity [love] out of a pure heart, and of a good conscience, and of faith
1:5 God does not want service out of legal
fears. Rather, the goal of the commandments is to serve the Lord from a pure
heart and with a clean and clear conscience so the profession of faith is
authentic. God is a God of purpose. He is driven by
a purpose whenever He acts and in what ever He does. By giving the commandments
God has man’s highest good in His heart knowing that the capacity to love Him
and others comes from gospel obedience. Love fulfills the law (Rom. 13:10).
6 From which some having swerved have turned
aside unto vain jangling [foolish talking];
Some have turned to foolish
Some have put shipwrecked
Some have departed from the
Some have turned after Satan
7 Desiring to be teachers of the law; understanding
neither what they say, nor whereof they affirm.
1:7 The “law” refers to the Law of
Moses and signifies the whole body of the Mosaic legislation (1 Kings 2:3; 2
Kings 23:25; Ezra 3:2 as given by God (Psa. 19:8; 37:31; Isaiah 5:24; 30:9) in
the presence of holy angels (Acts 7:53). The legislative law is especially
embodied in the last four books of the Pentateuch.
Theological and practical
problems in the early church arose when the law was not loved and respected and
used as a means to convict souls of their need for a Savior by exposing sin and
then by setting forth Christ in types and symbols. Rather, the law was being
mingled with grace.
8 But we know that the law is good, if
a man use it lawfully;
1:8 The believer’s attitude toward the Law should not be
one of hostility for we know the law is good in and of itself. As such it has a
place in the life of the believer. According to Galatians 3:24 the Law was and
still is a schoolmaster to bring people to Christ. The Law condemns the sinner,
slays self-righteousness, closes every boastful mouth, and silences the cry of
those who dare to defy the living God.
When used effectively by the preacher and the
Holy Spirit, the Law brings the sinner to his knees realizing there is truth,
justice and judgment to come (John 16:8).
Though the Law is intrinsically holy, just
and good and is useful in bringing individuals to Christ the Law does not
justify a sinner (Gal. 2:16). The soul is saved by grace and not of works (Eph.
Furthermore, as a governing body of
ceremonial rules and regulations in order to establish righteousness the Law
has come to an end in the life of the believer “For Christ is the end of the
law for righteousness to every one that believeth” (Rom 10:4-5).
The believer is not lawless of course but
operates under the law of the life of the Spirit in Christ Jesus (Rom. 8:2). By
the power of the Holy Spirit the moral law of God is not only in effect but is
fulfilled through a life of gospel obedience (Rom. 8:4).
9 Knowing this, that the law is not made for
a righteous man, but for the lawless and disobedient, for the ungodly and for
sinners, for unholy and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of
mothers, for manslayers [killers],
For murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers. Young people must be
reminded there are many ways to kill their parents. Children can hurt parents
through attitude and actions of rebellion that breaks the hearts and shortens
10 For whoremongers, for them that defile
themselves with mankind, for menstealers [slave-traders], for liars, for
perjured persons, and if there be any other thing that is contrary [opposed] to
Them that defile themselves with mankind. Despite growing social
acceptability of a lifestyle which is contrary to nature’s law and an affront
to the God of creation the church must continue to call individuals to
repentance and righteousness, a righteousness defined by the Scriptures.
Menstealers. By using the word “menstealers”
[Gk. andrapodistes (an-drap-od-is-tace'); Paul strikes a mighty
blow against the institution of slavery.
reference to sound doctrine refers to teachings that are conducive to spiritual
health (1 Tim. 6:3; 2 Tim. 1:13; 4:4; Titus 1:9; 2:1,3).
11 According to the glorious gospel of the
blessed God, which was committed to my trust.
1:11 The glorious gospel is simply the gospel of glory.
The heart and mind is taken by the Person of Jesus Christ who is the glory of
12 And I thank Christ Jesus our Lord, who hath
enabled me, for that he counted me faithful, putting me into the ministry;
1:12 The first essential for an individual in the
gospel ministry of Jesus Christ is to be sent of God. It is God alone who makes
and calls His holy heralds for “how shall they preach except they be sent”
(Rom. 10:15). It is the responsibility of others to recognize, listen to
and obey those who have a message from the Lord (Heb. 13:17).
1:12 Divine enablement is what brings a person to
salvation and what keeps a soul saved and sanctified. Jesus said, “Without
me you can do nothing” (John 15:5). The believer has a quiet confidence “of
this very thing, that he which hath begun a good work in you will perform it
until the day of Jesus Christ” (Phil 1:6).
13 Who was before a blasphemer, and a
persecutor, and injurious [insulting]: but I obtained mercy, because I did it
ignorantly in unbelief.
1:13 The conversion of Paul is given in several passages
(Acts 9:1-16; 22:1-21; 26: 1-23; Phil. 3:7-8). Paul is brutally honest about
the past as all converts to Christ should be. He stands in judgment on himself
and declares he was a blasphemer, a persecutor and an insulting
human. As the Holy Spirit brings the dark side of the soul
to light and the truth the Christian worker must never move to try to downplay
or minimize the moment of honesty as an individual stands in self judgment
(Isa. 6:1-5; 1 Cor. 11:31). The gospel comforts but first it cuts.
14 And the grace of our Lord was exceeding
abundant with faith and love which is in Christ Jesus.
15 This is a faithful [true] saying,
and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save
sinners; of whom I am chief.
1:15 Notice that Christ Jesus came to save
sinners and not simply to make sinners savable. A wonderful work of redemption
was definitely accomplished at Calvary to be applied to those who are the heirs
of salvation. Jesus said, “My sheep hear my voice, and I know them and they
follow me” (John 10:27). Let every heart ask, “Have I heard the voice of
the Shepherd? Do I follow Jesus?”
16 Howbeit for this cause I obtained mercy, that in
me first Jesus Christ might shew forth all longsuffering, for a pattern to them
which should hereafter believe on him to life everlasting.
1:16 I obtained mercy. No one ever ears or
deserves salvation. It is the mercy of God that saves a soul, not the will or
decision nor any good work (John 1:13; Titus 3:5). .
“There’s a wideness in God’s
Like the wideness of the sea;
There’s a kindness in His
Which is more than liberty.
the love of God is broader
Than the measure of man’s
And the heart of the Eternal
Is most wonderfully kind.”
17 Now unto the King eternal, immortal
[incorruptible], invisible, the only wise God, be honour and glory for ever and
18 This charge I commit unto thee, son
Timothy, according to the prophecies which went before on thee, that thou by
them mightest war a good warfare;
1:18 If any believer is to wage a good warfare then the
following must be done.
First, the believer must put on the whole
armour of God so an effective fight can be made against the subtleties of the
devil (Eph. 6:13-17).
believer must take the battle to the enemy. In the amour of God there is no
defense for the back which means that as long as life remains the heart must
press on to gain the strategic victory. The royal high ground must be taken for
Christ. In waging an aggressive spiritual campaign the believer will be wise and
believer will be careful to confess all known sin sooner rather than later (1
John 1:9) knowing the Holy Spirit is grieved and quenched when there is
unmortified secret sin in the soul.
good solider will have an effective prayer life in order to communicate with
Headquarters and from the Commander in Chief receive clear instructions.
Third, the good
solider will study. Reconnaissance will be made of the tactics and strategy of
the enemy so that ignorance will not result in a tactical strategic victory for
the forces of evil. The Christian solder must know the enemy (2 Cor. 2:11).
Christian solider will serve with humility (Rom. 12:3). Many a military
campaign has been lost because
of pride, arrogance and overconfidence.
Christian solider will know when to advance to the rear in a strategic but
hasty withdrawal. There is a time to flee and that time is when evil first
appears (1 Thess. 5:22; 1 Cor. 6:18).
19 Holding [keeping] faith, and a good conscience;
which some having put away concerning faith have made shipwreck [ruined]:
1:19 There are some who profess a Christian
faith only to have that faith ruined. The apostle John explains such people
were never truly converted. 1 John 2:19 They went out from us, but they were
not of us; for if they had been of us, they would no doubt have continued with
us: but they went out, that they might be made manifest that they were not all
The word for conscience is sun-ei-de-sis,
which literally means, "a knowing with" (sun, with, oida,
to know). suneidesis is
co-knowledge with oneself. With the conscience a person can know what is right
and what is wrong based upon a sense of justice instilled by nature and
developed by personality, society, and instruction from the Word of God.
The conscience is described in several ways.
The Bible speaks of a good conscience. Hebrews 13:18 Pray for
us: for we trust we have a good conscience, in all things willing to live
honestly. A good conscience is a conscience that lives in gospel obedience.
The Bible speaks of a clear conscience Acts 24:16 And herein do
I exercise myself, to have always a conscience void of offence toward God, and
The Bible speaks of a weak conscience. Titus 1:15 Unto the
pure all things are pure: but unto them that are defiled and unbelieving is
nothing pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled. A defiled
conscience is no longer a safe conscience.
The Bible speaks of a pure conscience. 2 Timothy 1:3 I thank God, whom I serve
from my forefathers with pure conscience, that without ceasing I have
remembrance of thee in my prayers night and day;
The Bible speaks of a seared conscience Paul write of such poor
souls. 1 Timothy 4:2 Speaking lies in hypocrisy; having their conscience
seared with a hot iron. If the conscience is violated often enough there
will cease to be any movement towards righteousness upon it.
The Bible speaks of a purged conscience. Hebrews 9:14 How much more shall the blood
of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit
offered himself without spot to God, purge
your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? The sacrifices offered on the Jewish altars could
not perfect the conscience. In contrast the blood of Christ cleanses from every
sin, removes the guilt of condemnation and allows the believer to walk before
God with a good conscience. .
The Bible speaks of a guilty conscience Hebrews 10:22 Let
us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts
sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water.
An evil conscience is the product of persistent sin.
20 Of whom is Hymenaeus and Alexander; whom I have
delivered unto Satan, that they may learn not to blaspheme [speak evil].
1:20 Hymenaeus (hi-men-e'us; “pertaining
to Hymen, god of marriage") is mentioned twice in the epistles of
Timothy. Along with Alexander (1 Tim 1:20) and Philetus (2 Tim 2:17) Hymenaeus
is said to have
departed from the truth in faith and
The specific doctrinal error
being embraced was a belief that “the resurrection has already taken
place" (2 Tim 2:18). The idea of a resurrection past could be easily
embraced if the biblical and apostolic teachings on this topic were taken to be
figurative and not literal Hymenaeus may stand as one of the earliest of the
Gnostics who began to spiritualize the Christian faith until even Christ was
not real in the body of flesh.
Paul declares that he
sentenced Hymenaeus and Alexander by delivering them over to Satan (1 Tim
1:20). It is unclear whether Paul means he has excommunicated these men from
Christian fellowship or pronounced a supernatural infliction of corporeal
punishment on them. Perhaps it was a combination of both. According to divine
design Satan can be an instrument or executioner of divine wrath (cf. 1 Cor
5:5; 1 John 5:16).
Summary of Important
The Place of the Law in the Life
of the Believer 1:7-11
Characteristics of a Christian Lady
Qualifications for Church Leaders
Doctrine of Devils 4:1-3
Care of Widows 5:3-16
Proper use of Money 6:6-19
Simple Studies in the Scripture
Epistle of Paul the Apostle to Timothy
Dr. Stanford E. Murrell
Student’s Study Guide
for 1 Timothy
Questions on 1 Timothy 1
1. Define the word mercy.
2. Why did Paul refer to the
fact he was an apostle?
3. Summarize the relationship
between Paul and Timothy.
4. What should be the
Christian’s attitude toward the Law? Why?
5. List six responsibilities of
the Christian soldier.
Answers for 1 Timothy 1
Personal Application and Reflection
you believe there are modern day apostles? Why or why not?
2. What religious controversies
have you debated with others, if any? What religious topics are easily open for
3. Do you think that some
Christians hold the Law in contempt and speak ill of it? If so, why is this
4. Are men “called” to preach
or is the ministry just another profession on the same level as deciding to be
a doctor, lawyer, or schoolteacher?
5. Would it be wrong for a
Christian to serve in the military? If not, why not? If so, why would Paul use
the image of a Christian solider?
1 Timothy 1:15 “This is a faithful saying, and worthy of
all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners; of whom
I am chief.”
1 TIMOTHY 2
1 I exhort therefore, that, first of all,
supplications, prayers, intercessions, and
giving of thanks, be made for all men;
2:1 Paul exhorts Timothy to have an effective prayer
life that includes supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks.
The word supplication speaks of an attitude of
prayer that pleads with God and reasons with Him. As a rational Being God
enjoys good arguments as to why He should act in a given situation. When the
Christian prays he must do so in a spirit of humility, searching for the mind
and will of God.
Prayers should be primarily addressed to the Father,
in the authority of Jesus, and in the power of the Holy Spirit. The underlining
principle of prayer is grace, which should encourage believers to pray without
Part of prayer includes the concept of intercession
on behalf of believers, unbelievers and self. This is a great function of the
priestly ministered entrusted to the saints and reflects the High Priestly work
of the Lord Jesus who “ever liveth to
make intercession for us” (Heb. 7:25).
The Christian must always remember to be grateful
and make gratitude a part of the prayer life. The giving of thanks should be
rational as well as emotional realizing that behind every gift there is a
2 For kings, and for all that are in authority; that we may lead a quiet and
peaceable life in all godliness and honesty.
2:2 It is the will of God that all sorts of
individuals are prayed for. There is good reason.
First, people are created in the likeness of
God. Sin had destroyed the pristine image but the potential is still present
for restoration by way of the new creation (2 Cor. 5:17).
Second, each person has the opportunity to be
saved. No one but God knows who the elect are. Therefore, the responsibility of
every Christian is to preach the whole gospel to the whole world before Jesus
Third, every person has intrinsic value no
matter how wickedly the heart may express itself. The best example of this is
reflected in the chief of all sinners, Saul of Tarsus who by divine grace
became the apostle Paul.
Finally, each person may do some good in life
and so is worthy of prayer as the Lord leads.
3 For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Saviour;
2:3. Prayer is declared to
be good and acceptable in the sight of God our Saviour in as far as it leads to
a quiet and peaceable life in all goodness and sincerity. A good testimony can
lead to the salvation of souls from every class of life.
4 Who will have all men to be saved, and to come
unto the knowledge of the truth.
1:4 It is with great joy
the church goes according to the Royal Command of Christ to tell people
everywhere in every nation,
“There is plentiful redemption
In the blood that has been shed.”
But as the church goes it
does so realizing that not all will be saved. Though many types of people will
respond to the gospel message not all will come to faith.
This is not surprising
when there is a proper understanding of the word “all”. This word is sometimes
used in a restricted sense. It does not of necessity mean all without exception
but all without distinction.
For example, in verse one
Paul exhorts that prayers be made for all men. This cannot mean all men without
exception for that is a burden too great to bear for any Christian or assembly.
Moreover, Paul proceeds to show how he means that prayer should be made for all
sorts of men in verse 2.
In like manner, God
desires all sorts of individuals to come to the knowledge of the truth such as
Jew and Gentile, male and female, young and old, rich and poor— and they do.
5 For there
is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;
2:5 Any attempt to recognize a human mediator
between God and man other than Christ Jesus dishonors the Lord. The faithful
and confessing church must never
concede to any person being considered a
co-redemptrix mediatrix advocate. There
is only one God and one Mediator, Jesus Christ the
6 Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be
testified in due time.
2:6 Over the centuries the church has struggled to
properly understand the atonement. Several theories have been offered by way of
Ransom theory. In this view Satan rules this
world and the human race. As a result, God paid a ransom in the form of the
blood of Christ to redeem us. Origen (AD
182–251) and Augustine (AD 354-430) embraced this position. It was the
most popular view until the Middle Ages.
Satisfaction theory. Proposed by Anselm
(1033-1109) this theory argued that though sin dishonored God., His honor could
be repaid through punishment or satisfaction. Christ could and did offer an
acceptable satisfaction because He was God-man.
Moral Influence theory. Peter Abelard (1078-1142)
advanced the Moral Influence theory that maintains that God loves us. Therefore
we do not need to fear punishment, but we do. So, by His death Christ
demonstrated the extent of His great love.
Governmental theory. Hugo Grotius (1583-1645)
taught the governmental theory of the atonement which states that though sin
violates God’s laws He could punish law-breakers sin but
not. However, if God did not punish the
wicked the moral order would collapse. The death of Christ illustrates the
penalty men will pay if sin is continued. The purpose of the atonement was to
deter from sin.
Example theory. Socinus (1525-1562) offered
still another view of the atonement when he proposed the Example theory, which
has become popular among the Unitarians. Simply put, the death of Christ is
meant to inspire men to good works and virtue. The death of Christ is an
example of total love for God, which we must have if we are to enjoy salvation.
Such expression of love lies within the power of the moral soul.
Biblical theory. In a biblical theory of
the ransom the images of lamb, sacrifice and blood are brought into focus.
Attention is paid to key concepts such as the wrath of God against wickedness
due to a divine justice outraged, the need for purification from sin, and the
need for a new devotion to God based on His justice satisfied. The great drama of redemption is set forth in
Hebrews 8-10 whereby Jesus Christ made a substitutionary atonement for sinners
thereby propitiating the wrath of God so that God is free to declare the guilty
justified in His sight and be restored to fellowship with the same all on the
basis of mercy and grace. Christ gave
himself a ransom for all types of individuals who will finally be saved, as
will be testified to in due time. Rev 7:9
After this I beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, which no man could
number, of all nations, and kindreds, and
people, and tongues, stood before the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with
white robes, and palms in their hands; 10 And cried with a loud voice, saying,
Salvation to our God which sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb.
7 Whereunto I am ordained a preacher, and an
apostle, (I speak the truth in Christ, and
lie not;) a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and verity [truth].
1:7 Ordained a
preacher and an apostle. Denominations and human institutions do no make
ministers of the gospel. It is a divine appointment.
Son of God hath sent me
Of the pierced hands.”
8 I will therefore that men pray everywhere,
lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.
three principles of prayer.
Effectual prayer can only be offered by holy individuals.
Effectual prayer must be made without anger, bitterness or hatred in
the heart. Prayer is to be offered in love.
Effectual prayer must be made in faith and without doubt. Jesus said, “Therefore I say unto you, What things soever
ye desire, when ye pray, believe that ye receive them, and ye shall have them”
9 In like manner also, that women adorn
themselves in modest apparel, with shamefacedness [bashfulness] and sobriety
[sanity of mind; self control]; not with broided hair, or gold, or pearls, or
10 But (which becometh women professing
[claiming] godliness) with good works.
2:9-10 It is instructive
that Paul provides pastoral principles of proper conduct for men and a dress
code for women. It is possible that special attention was given to the apparel
of the woman for some women may dress carelessly not remembering or knowing
that the male is easily stimulated to sensual thoughts by
sight, much more than the
female who responds more readily to words and touch.
The clothing of Christian
women should be such that will accent and
enhance her feminine beauty without being provocative or suggestive.
are to be respectfully modest in what they
wear; self-control is to be exercised in the wearing of external ornaments such
as gold or pearls (1 Peter 3:3).
Paul’s larger point is
that what a person wears reflects the inner life. So many people, male and
female, who are devoid of content or character, will try to make up the
difference by an outlandish style of dress or overdress of fashionable wear.
God is more interested in the inner life. God the Father wants good works to
ornate His children. In
all matters pertaining to the Christian life there is to be modesty and
11 Let the woman learn in silence with all
2:11 Theoretically all people learn best in silence
as critical information is imparted.
12 But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to
usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence.
2:12 The Lord has a right to organize His church as
He sees best. It is the will of the Lord that woman not be put in a position
where they have to teach adult men in an official capacity nor should a woman
make any move to usurp legitimate authority. This apostolic injunction does not
mean women cannot have important leadership roles within the church structure.
It does mean they are not to move outside the sphere of authority entrusted to
them. The principle
of non-usurpation of authority applies to men as
well and to children.
13 For Adam was first formed [created], then
14 And Adam was not deceived, but the woman
being deceived was in the transgression.
2:13-14 Paul is teaching everyone has a proper place
in the body of Christ. It is not a matter of one person being superior to
another or inferior, it is a matter of divine order. To support his position of
the proper subordinate place of women within the local assembly Paul argues
order of creation and from the fact the woman was
deceived not the man. Had Eve remained in her proper place of subordination to
Christ, to His Word and to her husband she would not have been subject to
deception. Sin reverses the natural order demonstrated by Eve listening to the
satanic voice, doubting the Word of God then disobeying it defiantly and
finally offering the fruit to her husband— and he did eat.
15 Notwithstanding she shall be saved in
childbearing, if they continue in faith and charity [love] and holiness with
2:15 Three major interpretations prevail in
understanding this verse.
First, the passage has been
interpreted to mean that a woman’s greatest achievement in life is to be
devoted to her husband, bear children and pursue a faithful and pure way of
life. The woman who accepts and
enjoys this divinely ordained role is
Second, the passage has been
interpreted to mean that salvation comes through the birth of a Child, Jesus
the Savior. Though the woman was
deceived in the Garden of Eden so that she
ate of the forbidden fruit bringing death to herself and to her husband (and
through his transgression he brought death to
all mankind), God in mercy shall deliver by childbearing, her and all others
who will believe.
Third, the passage has been
interpreted to mean that Christian women will be brought safely through the
childbirth experience by faith and love and a holy life. The thinking is this.
As a result of the disobedience of Eve,
God multiplied the sorrows of women in
childbirth. Though many women still go into the valley of the shadow of death
in order to bring a precious baby into the world, they shall be delivered. Such
is the nature of divine mercy. There is a condition to this experience. Women
are to continue in the sphere of
saving faith by expressing love and holiness
with proper sobriety for it is a grave responsibility to be the mother of a
Questions on 1 Timothy
1. What four
facets should characterize the prayer life?
2. Give four
reasons why all sorts of people should be prayed for.
contextual evidence might suggest that the word “all” in verse 4 does
not mean “all without exception” but might mean “all without
distinction”? (For a restricted use of the word “all” study the
following passages: John 3:26; Acts 19:10; 1 Cor. 9:22; 2 Cor. 3:2; Col. 3:11
etc. There are nearly 500 instances in Scripture where “all“ is used in
a restricted sense).
4. What is the apostle’s larger
point in respect to providing a dress code for the ladies?
5. List one of three
interpretations of 1 Timothy 2:15. Provide the one that reflects your thinking.
Answers for 1 Timothy 2
Personal Application and Reflection
If in verse 4
Paul was teaching that God wanted all men without exception to come to
knowledge, would not that lead to the doctrine of universalism? Why or why not?
2. Do you think that Paul’s
pastoral counsel on proper attire for Christian women is an absolute
prohibition against wearing makeup and jewelry? Are not rubies, diamonds, gold
and silver the gifts God? Is it wrong to enjoy these gifts of God? Why or why
3. Describe your prayer life.
If is found to be weak and ineffectual write out a plan to improve your prayer
life. Be specific.
4. To whom do you think Christ
paid a ransom and for what purpose? (1 Tim. 2:6).
5. Comment on the various
historical views of the atonement against the biblical view. Why were they not
sufficient for the church and worthy of universal acceptance?
1 Timothy 2: 5 For there is
one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus; 6 Who gave
himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.
1 TIMOTHY 3
1 This is a true saying, If a man desire the office of a bishop, he
desireth a good [excellent] work.
3:1 The word for “bishop”
is “episkopos” and means literally “overseer.” The bishop of an assembly can
also be called an “elder” (Gk. presbuteros). as in Acts 20:17, 28 or “pastor” meaning “shepherd” as in Ephesians 4:11. While the term elder indicates the
maturity of spiritual experience and understanding of those so described, the
term “bishop” or “overseer” indicates the character of the work that is to be
engaged. It is the responsibility of the “bishop”,
“elder”, “pastor” to supervise the spiritual welfare of the congregation
God has entrusted to his care. The proper desire for this spiritual work must
come from God.
2 A bishop then must be blameless, the husband of one wife, vigilant,
sober, of good behaviour, given to hospitality, apt to teach;
3:2 Specific qualifications are to be met in order for a
man to hold the office of a bishop (elder/pastor).
must be blameless. The word “blameless”
means literally, “cannot be laid hold of”
and conveys the idea of being irreproachable or not open to censure. It is
possible Paul is referring to a blameless life in the following areas he will
The husband of one wife. On the interpretation of
this phrase two views are embraced. It is possible Paul is giving a prohibition
against polygamy, which was a common practice in the ancient world. It is
possible Paul is referring to being the husband of one wife period thereby
barring forever a divorced person, and some think even a widower, from being a
Vigilant. The word means to be
temperate. The various powers bestowed by God upon men are capable of abuse.
Therefore the church must find godly individuals who will exercise the office
in such a way that others are helped, the ministry is not hindered and the will
of God is done. A man who is temperate has self-control.
Sober. The bishop is to be sensible
and of a sound mind. A double minded man is unstable in all ways. While a
minister is not to be closed to new insights into the truth neither is he to be
unstable emotionally or in doctrine. He is to be serous minded for eternal
matters are very serious indeed.
Of good behavior. The word in the original
means orderly. There are some that take delight in being disorganized.
Ministers being late to appointments is a notorious joke, but it ought not to
be. The Lord’s work proceeds best when there is order and that demands an
Given to hospitality. Being selfish and isolated
is a characteristic of the world. The Christian minister should open his home
to the needs of others, however humble the home may be. Ministers are to
establish the pattern for friendliness in the congregation by being hospitable.
Apt to teach. Having a brilliant mind does
not mean the gift of communication is present. Those who would be an elder must
have the ability to impart spiritual knowledge to others in an acceptable and
3 Not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre; but
patient, not a brawler, not covetous;
Not given to wine. While the Word of God does
not forbid drinking (1 Tim. 5:23), it does forbid drinking to excess. Drunkenness
is a great evil and bars the soul from eternal life (1 Cor. 6:9,10).
No striker. Physical violence has no
place in the house of the Lord. A Chinese proverb says, “He who strikes the first blow has run out of ideas.”
Not greedy of filthy lucre. It is wicked to make
merchandise of God’s people (2 Peter 2:3). While a minister is to be adequately
provided for (Gal. 6:6-8) he should not be motivated to minister by money.
Patient. Those who preach will be the
object of much misunderstanding and personal abuse. The elder must be willing
to suffer long with the improper attitudes and actions of people.
Not a brawler. The pastor must not be a
person who enjoys arguing. Many a congregation has been hurt by a spiritual
leader who stirred up needless controversy
in name of moral or doctrinal purity.
Not covetous. Jealousy has been called a
green-eyed monster. Indeed, jealousy is an emotional monster that devours by
moving the heart to want the possessions of others.
4 One that ruleth [manages] well his own house, having his children in
subjection with all gravity;
5 (For if a man know not how to rule his own house, how shall he take
care of the church of God?)
One that ruleth well his own
minister that can rule his own house with love and authority
will be a fit ruler over the family of
6 Not a novice [new convert], lest being lifted up with pride he fall
into the condemnation of the devil.
Not a novice. Two elements are to be considered. First, there is
the matter of age. With time comes opportunity for maturity as the pressures of
life are met. Second, there is a time limit as to how long a person has been a
Christian. The office of an elder should not go to a recent convert lest rapid
advancement to a place of spiritual leadership cause unnecessary pride.
7 Moreover he must have a good report of them which
are without; lest he fall into reproach [shame] and the snare of the devil.
He must have a good report
of them which are without. The judgment of others outside the local assembly is important. It is
to the world at large the pastor will reach
converts. Their opinion is not to be dismissed.
8 Likewise must
the deacons be grave, not
double-tongued [two faced], not given to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre;
3:8 The word “deacon” means “servant.” The
church would do well to give out towels of service and not titles. Deacons are
not meant to rule over congregations or hold ultimate authority within the
assembly as executive board members hold in a worldly corporation. Rather,
deacons are called to serve them as a slave would serve a master. Resentment of
a servile concept and image simply means a person is not
ready to be a deacon for the
heart is not
humble. Much harm comes to the body of Christ when individuals have a title but
not the heart for the position of appointment.
Deacons are to
be marked by gravity or maturity, not being two faced, not given to drunkenness
and not desirous of being rich. The latter qualification is of particular importance
for when undue concern is given to running the church as a profit or loss
enterprise the dynamics of a ministry based on faith and grace is subdued and
the Holy Spirit is quenched.
9 Holding the mystery of the
faith in a pure conscience.
3:9 The word mystery does not mean something which
is in itself mysterious but a secret revealed only to initiates. It is the will
of God the church should, by divine illumination, understand a secret even the
person and work of Jesus Christ. It is a great mystery the church embraces that
the divine Christ united Himself to a human body to be the God-man in one,
blessed and adorable.
10 And let these also first be proved [tested]; then let them use the
office of a deacon, being found blameless.
3:8-10 While the elder(s) oversee the general
affairs of the congregation they are to be assisted by deacons. Biblically,
deacons do not have any ruling authority. They are to serve the elder(s) and
the congregation in a supportive role making sure the plans and programs of the
spiritual leadership are implemented. Co-operation
not competition is needed between pastor(s) and deacons. The position of the
deacon is not eternal but functional, for a specific task. Deacons are
primarily responsible for the mundane details that make the work of God
successful. Because they are to be servants of the most High God and of the
church they must be humble men, sincere, not two faced, not given to much wine
and enamored with a desire to control
money or resources.
Most importantly deacons must know and embrace that body of revealed
truth and unite it with a life lived with a pure conscience having first been
proved in these areas by way of testing. In the end, the man makes the office
more than the office makes the man.
11 Even so must their wives [women] be grave, not
slanderers, sober, faithful in all things.
It is possible that Paul is introducing a parenthetical thought about
Christian women in general at this point. Paul is not finished with the
requirements for the office of deacon yet he wishes to say something about
women. The word translated “wives” is
a work in the Greek, which means a woman, married or unmarried. These women,
not necessarily wives, are assistants to the deacons in helping the poor and
the needy. These are women who provide auxiliary service, performing ministries
for which women are best suited. Having said this, it is possible
Paul is speaking directly to deacon wives since the
qualifications for deacons are continued.
12 Let the deacons be the husbands of one wife, ruling their children
and their own houses well.
of one wife. As in the case of the elder the deacon must be found faithful
to the marriage vow physically, mentally and emotionally.
Ruling their children and
their own household well. The family of God demands strong, sensitive, wise men in leadership
position. Individuals who are
emotionally or doctrinally immature should not be allowed to enter into
leadership positions in the church.
13 For they that have used [served in] the office of a deacon well
purchase to themselves a good degree [standing], and great boldness in the
faith which is in Christ Jesus.
3:13 Deacons who are under pastoral authority and do not
try to become the ultimate authority of the church but rather serve the
pastor(s) and people in humility will be honored by Christ in a special way as
Stephen and Philip used well the office of a deacon.
14 These things write I unto thee, hoping to come unto thee shortly:
15 But if I tarry long, that thou [men] mayest know how thou oughtest
to behave thyself [themselves] in the house of God, which is the church of the
living God, the pillar and ground of the truth.
3:15 The “house of God” is not a reference to
a physical structure but to the whole body of Christ. It is a spiritual
building made of the lives of those who have been born again (Eph. 2:22).
16 And without controversy great is the mystery
[hidden truth] of godliness: God was manifest [revealed] in the flesh,
justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed
on in the world, received up into glory.
3:16 The mystery of godliness is summarized in the Person
and work of Jesus Christ.
Christ is God manifested or revealed in the
flesh. Jesus is both God and man. Though no man has seen God at any time; “the
only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, He hath declared Him”
(John 1:18). How? In that the “Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us,
(and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,)
full of grace and truth” (John 1:14). And so “God was in Christ
reconciling the world unto Himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them” (2
Christ was justified in the Spirit, which
means He was declared righteous. At the baptism of Jesus the Spirit descended
upon Him like a dove and the voice of the Father was heard saying, “This is
My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased” (Matt. 3:17).
Christ was seen of angels. As the eternal
God, Jesus Christ was known to the angels. As a babe in the cradle He was
watched over. During His life angels came to minister to Him (Matt. 4:11) and
were ready to come to His rescue if He called (Matt. 26:53).
could have called
destroy the world
set Him free.
could have called
He died alone,
you and me.”
Christ was preached unto the Gentiles. The
word for “Gentiles” can also be translated “nations.” And Jesus
said, “Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the
name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: 20 Teaching them to
observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you
alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen” (Matt 28:19-20).
Christ was believed on in the world. Christ
did not die in vain. The souls He redeemed are being saved.
Christ was received up into glory. Today,
there is a Man in the heavens and His name is Jesus. He is seated in the
heavens until the day He shall return the second time for all who believe.
on 1 Timothy 3
What are various names for ministers in the New Testament local assembly?
List at least ten qualifications for a biblical elder.
List at least five of the qualifications for a biblical deacon.
Provide two interpretations of the word translated “wives” in 1 Timothy
What is declared to be without controversy or dispute?
for 1 Timothy 3
Personal Application and Reflection
Do you believe a local congregation is best served by a plurality of
leaders called elders or by a spiritually minded pastoral individual with
ultimate authority? What are the strength and weakness of each structure?
Is it realistic to believe that a local assembly will find individuals
meeting all the qualifications Paul has enumerated? If no one is blameless in
all the areas addressed, what should the church do with a candidate for
Comment on the following statement: Instead of being set up along
biblical guidelines, many modern assemblies are run as a corporation with a
business mentality whereby the pastor is viewed as the Executive Officer of the
company and the Deacons function as the Board of Directors being guided by Robert Rules of Order. Is this a valid
statement and if true should it cause concern? Why or why not?
In your experience are the wives of elders and deacons a help or a
hindrance to the work of the ministry? Explain.
Does your church have deaconess? Why or why not?
1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the
mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit,
seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received
up into glory.
1 TIMOTHY 4
1 Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some
shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of
4:1 Individuals can be deceived by seducing
spirit for several reasons.
Some are promised an emotionally stimulating religious experience.
Some are enamored with a exciting new idea.
Some depart from the faith because false ministers of righteousness
made great promises that can never be realized and there is disillusionment.
2 Speaking lies in hypocrisy [false pretense]; having their conscience
seared with a hot iron;
4:2 A “conscience seared” is a conscience
that is without feeling. The heart is not touched by gospel threats or promises
nor does it respond to the pleas or pain it inflicts on others. Because there
is no moral sensibility there is no hesitation to lie in a religious context
claiming spiritual insights they do not have and spiritual knowledge they do
3 Forbidding to marry, and
commanding to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received
with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth.
4 For every creature of God is good,
and nothing to be refused, if it be received with thanksgiving:
5 For it is sanctified [set apart] by the word of God and prayer.
4:2-4 Two specific false teachings associated with
seducing spirits and doctrine of devils are noted.
Celibacy. Forbidding to
prohibition against marriage is satanic in nature because it is a direct attack
against the divine design established by God in the Garden of Eden. When men
and women are not allowed to marry they are tempted to turn to unnatural acts
which hurts all involved in the acts of aberrations.
Vegetarianism. The exaltation of
vegetarianism assaults gifts of food which have been graciously provided by God
and sanctified by prayer (Acts 11:9).
6 If thou put the brethren in remembrance of these things, thou shalt
be a good minister of Jesus Christ, nourished up in the words of faith and of
good doctrine, whereunto thou hast attained.
4:6. Thou hast attained. No Christian
will ever lead a person to a place he has not been. No minister can lift
another person higher than his own level.
7 But refuse profane and old wives' fables, and
exercise [train] thyself rather unto
8 For bodily exercise profiteth little: but
godliness is profitable unto all things, having promise of the life that now
is, and of that which is to come.
4:8 Bodily exercise does have a practical
benefit but it is limited to time whereas godliness have a value that lasts
beyond the grave.
9 This is a faithful [true]
saying and worthy of all acceptation.
10 For therefore we both labour and suffer reproach, because we trust
in the living God, who is the Saviour of all men, specially of those that
4:10 In what sense is Christ the Savior of all men?
Various positions are held within the church as to the meaning of this phrase.
Absolute sense. Christ has paid for all the sins of all the people. He is the Savior
of all without exception. The concern in embracing this position is that it
logically leads to universalism which would then contradict many passages of Scripture
which teach the unrighteous are not saved and go to an eternal judgment in a
place originally created for the devil and his angels
Special sense. Believers have their hope set on the living God and in this hope they
shall not be disappointed because not only is He a kind God—hence the Soter or
Preserver and Deliverer of all men showering blessings upon them— but He is in
a very special sense the Soter (Savior) of those who by faith embrace Him and
His promise. Especially to those who believe does God impart salvation and
everlasting life in all of its fulness. If a soul is going to be saved the
heart must recognize Him as Savior. The objection to this view is that it makes
salvation only a potential and not actual. The question must be addressed, “Did
Christ come to seek and to save that which is lost or did He come to make
savable that which is lost?”
Restricted sense. Christ is the Savior of all but in the case of some His will is
frustrated with obstinate belief. However, if that is true then what is to be
said for the sovereignty of God whereby He works all things according to the
counsel of His own will? (Eph. 1:11).
Definite sense. Christ has paid for the sins of those who are to be the heirs of
salvation. Christ is the Savior of all without distinction, Jew and Gentile,
male and female, rich and poor, young and old. Christ is a definite Savior for
definite people, those whom the Father has given Him (John 6:37; 10:15-17).
11 These things command and teach.
12 Let no man despise [look down upon] thy youth; but be thou an
example of the believers, in word, in conversation, in charity, in spirit, in
faith, in purity.
4:12 Paul commands his spiritual son to be an example of
the believer in several areas.
In word. The
Word of God has much to say about proper speech, controlling the tongue and
speaking gracious words that will build others up instead of tearing them down.
The Christian is not to be boastful or engage in foolish talk (Col. 4:6).
conversation. The world is watching to professing believers to evaluate
their manner of life. The world wants to know if the Christian way of life
brings joy and stability while giving purpose and meaning to life.
charity. The believer is to love according to the characteristics of the
same in 1 Corinthians 13. Opportunities will be provided for the believer to
demonstrate right attitudes and right actions to those who are unloving and
There is a body of truth once delivered to the saints that must not be
corrupted or compromised but contended for without being contentious (Jude
1:3). There is only one way of salvation and that is by grace through faith.
There is only one Savior, and His name is Jesus.
In purity. Purity of life will enhance
the ministry of any person. There is great shame for those who preach one way and live another. God does not want a
disconnect between religious rhetoric and spiritual reality. The glorious power
of the gospel must cleanse the one who proclaims it before it will affect those
who hear it. A man has not vital ministry who is not pure in thought and life.
God will not be mocked. The hypocritical heart will know the most severe
judgment (Matt. 23:13-23).
13 Till I come, give attendance [attention] to reading, to exhortation
[preaching], to doctrine.
The public reading of the Scripture would
include not only the Law and the Prophets but also the growing New Testament
(Col. 4:16; 1 Thess. 5:27; Rev. 1:3).
Exhorting the saints would include warning
against doctrinal error and immorality.
Doctrine was not to be neglected for there is
a body of truth that must be kept pure in order to unite and keep the faith.
14 Neglect not the gift that is in thee, which was given thee by
prophecy, with the laying on of the hands of the presbytery [elders].
4:4 Anyone who wants to make an impact on the world
for the cause of Christ must work at it. There is no place in kingdom work for
those who are not diligent. “The night cometh, when no man can work” (John
15 Meditate upon these things; give thyself wholly to them; that thy
profiting may appear to all.
16 Take heed unto thyself, and unto the doctrine [teaching]; continue
in them [these things]: for in doing this thou shalt both save thyself, and
them that hear thee.
4:16 Save thyself. This is not a reference to
eternal salvation. It is a reference to saving self and others from many
temptations and difficulties. The Christian life when lived consistently will
deliver a person from many harmful situations. The Lord will preserve His own
in time as He preserves them in eternity. “Take heed” is part of the
gospel message of sanctification.
Questions on 1 Timothy
What are three reasons why people give place to seducing spirits and
List two specific doctrines associated with seducing spirits and the
doctrine of devils.
List six areas the believer is to be an example to others.
Cite three aspects of ministry Timothy was to concentrate on according
to verse 13.
Why is the life of the messenger to be kept pure morally and
doctrinally (verse 16)?
Answers for 1 Timothy 4
Personal Application and Reflection
Is there any current evidence of evil that has come into the church
because celibacy has been mandated on many professing Christians and
restrictions have been placed on certain foods?
Can you think of any other doctrines that might be associated with
seducing spirits and devils?
Do you practice the biblical art of meditation upon the Scriptures? If
not, why? If so explain your practice.
Have you suffered reproach for the cause of Christ? Please share a
brief testimony as to what happened. If you have not suffered yet for Christ
sake, how is this explained?
Is it your custom to pray prior to eating a meal (1 Tim. 4:4-5)? Why?
1 Timothy 4:9 This is a faithful saying and worthy of all
acceptation. 10 For therefore we both labour and suffer reproach, because we
trust in the living God, who is the Saviour of all men, specially of those that
1 TIMOTHY 5
1 Rebuke not an elder, but
intreat him as a father; and the younger men as brethren;
5:1 Social courtesy forms a large part of
Christian ethics. There is to be a fundamental respect not only for those who
are in an official capacity in the church but also for anyone advanced in
years. If such a person needs a word of admonition, it is to be spoken in a
kind manner as speaking to one’s own father.
2 The elder [older] women as mothers; the younger as
sisters, with all purity [honor].
5:2 What a lovely thought it is for Christian
men of all ages to treat elderly ladies with as much respect as they give their
own mothers and the young ladies in the assembly as if they were their own
sisters. When this counsel is followed much discontent and immorality is held
3 Honour [respect] widows that are widows indeed.
4 But if any widow have children or nephews, let them learn first to
shew piety at home, and to requite their parents: for that is good and
acceptable before God.
5:1-4 Throughout Scripture the widow and the orphan finds
a special place in the plan of God.
God is a Father of the fatherless and a Judge of
the widows (Psa. 68:5).
Widows are under God’s special care and
protection (Ex. 22:23).
By means of the tithe and the “forgotten sheaf”
provision was made for them in the Old Testament economy (Deut. 14:29;
God wanted the widows to be able to rejoice too
at the feasts (Deut. 16:11,14).
God blesses those who help and honor widows
(Isa. 1:17, 18).
God rebukes those who punish and hurt widows
(Ex. 22:22; Deut. 24:17).
Widows were the object of the compassion of
Christ (Mark 12:42; Luke 7:11-17; 18:3; 20:47; 21:2,3).
In the early church the widows were not
forgotten (Acts 6:1-6; James 1:27).
5 Now she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, trusteth in God, and
continueth in supplications and prayers night and day.
6 But she that liveth in pleasure is dead while she liveth.
7 And these things give in charge [as a commandment], that they may be
8 But if any provide not for his own, and specially for those of his
own house, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel.
5:8 A professing believer who does not make every
effort to provide for his own family is worse than an unbeliever for the
the unbelievers may never have heard about the specific precept to love.
However, one who has been instructed in the Christian religion has heard the
command time and again. John 13:34 A new
commandment I give unto you, That ye love one another; as I have loved you,
that ye also love one another.Love is motivated to meet the needs of
the unbeliever is a stranger to the example of the love of Christ for His own.
In contrast the church member knows the story of His loving example and is
obligated to be like the Master.
the unbeliever knows nothing about an enabling Power in the Person of the Holy
Spirit. The Christian who has witnessed the evidence of the Holy Spirit’s
sustaining power knows there is divine energy to keep every commandment the
church has been given.
often the unbeliever does provide for widowed mothers and grandmothers due to
respect for ancestors. Therefore for a professing Christian not to provide for
his own would indeed to be worse than an infidel.
9 Let not a widow be taken into the number under threescore years [60
years] old, having been the wife of one man,
10 Well reported of for good works; if she have brought up children, if
she have lodged strangers, if she have washed the saints' feet, if she have
relieved the afflicted, if she have diligently followed every good work.
5:5-10 Paul sets forth the definition, age and
qualifications for a widow to be helped by the local assembly. A woman was
considered to be a widow if she had
no visible support available from family members and was
over sixty years of
age. She must also have a good reputation and a history of
11 But the younger widows refuse: for when they have begun to wax
wanton [turn away] against Christ, they will marry;
12 Having damnation, because they have cast off their first faith.
13 And withal they learn to be idle, wandering about from house to
house; and not only idle, but tattlers [gossips] also and busybodies, speaking
[repeating] things which they ought not.
14 I will therefore that the younger women marry, bear children, guide
[rule] the house, give none occasion to the adversary to speak reproachfully.
15 For some are already turned aside after [as led by] Satan.
16 If any man or woman that believeth have widows, let them relieve
them, and let not the church be charged; that it may relieve them that are
17 Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honour,
especially they who labour in the word and doctrine.
5:17 Appealing to Deuteronomy 5:24 Paul teaches that
respect and remuneration should go to support faithful workers (Luke 10:7). The
word used for honor is time (tee-may)
and speaks of the highest dignity or reverence.
Others should honor those whom God honors. When this is done there will
be less competition among church members and more co-operation.
18 For the scripture saith, Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that treadeth
out the corn. And, The labourer is worthy of his reward.
19 Against an elder receive not an accusation, but before
two or three witnesses.
5:19 Accusing a pastor falsely is almost a
spiritual blood sport in some assemblies. D. L.
Moody liked to say that a lie gets halfway around the world before truth
gets its boots on to pursue it. A charge made against an elder is a serious
matter and so should be made in a public manner in the presence of independent
witnessness for evaluation of what should be done next by the spiritual
leadership of the assembly and
if necessary the whole congregation (Matt.
20 Them that sin rebuke before all, that others also may fear.
5:20 Spiritual accountability is a vital part of the
internal structure of the New Testament church.
Without church discipline there can be no true discipleship.
21 I charge thee before God,
and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels, that thou observe these things
without preferring one before another [showing favoritism], doing nothing by
22 Lay hands suddenly on no man,
neither be partaker of other men's sins: keep thyself pure.
5:22 It is the will of the Lord that individuals not
be placed in responsible positions of leadership in the church apart from a
divine call, recognizable spiritual gifts and a time of teaching and training.
23 Drink no longer water, but use a little wine for thy stomach's sake
and thine often infirmities.
24 Some men's sins are open beforehand, going before to judgment; and
some men they follow after [sins show
25 Likewise also the good works of some are manifest [plainly seen] beforehand; and they that are
otherwise cannot be hid.
Questions on 1 Timothy
four biblical facts that widows are watched over by God.
2. Why is a Christian who does
not provided for the family worse than an infidel?
3. What double portion or
double honor is to be given to ministers?
4. What is the church
responsible to do with those who are in doctrinal and moral error?
5. What does the command “lay hands suddenly on no man” mean?
Answers for 1 Timothy 5
Personal Application and Reflection
1. Do you believe that
slavery, as an institution is ordained of God? Why or why not?
2. Should Christians refrain
from drinking and using alcoholic beverages even socially or only to excessive?
3. How can a spirit of
contentment be cultivated in the heart of Christians?
4. Cite a case of church
discipline or accountability that you are aware of, if any. What were the
results of discipline being administered?
5. List the social obligations,
if any, you believe the church has a responsibility to meet.
1 Timothy 5:21 I charge thee before God, and the Lord
Jesus Christ, and the elect angels, that thou observe these things without
preferring one before another [showing favoritism], doing nothing by
1 TIMOTHY 6
1 Let as many servants as are under the yoke count their own masters
worthy of all honour, that the name of God and his doctrine be not blasphemed.
2 And they that have believing masters, let them not despise [belittle]
them, because they are brethren; but
rather do them service, because they
are faithful [believers] and beloved, partakers of the benefit. These things
teach and exhort [urge].
6:2 The ancient slave
and the modern employee must be careful to maintain a proper attitude towards
those they find in authority over them especially if they have believing “masters.” A renewed commitment must be made to labor as unto
the Lord keeping in mind those Christians who are in authority are also
faithful and beloved by Christ. In this manner the work place is transformed
context it is true the apostle did not advocate outright revolt by the slave
but he also did not advocate the continuation of the status quo. Paul aimed by
the spiritual law of redirection to destroy the essence of slavery with all of
its attendant evils. A principle was being established. “Let the slave
honor his master and let the master be kind to his slave. Let both bear in mind
that with God there is no respect of persons.”
The grace of
Christ and the power of the gospel from within would become a penetrating
leaven, transforming the whole lump. The gospel is a liberating force for
Christ has come to set the captives free (Luke 4:18).
3 If any man teach otherwise, and consent [agrees] not to wholesome
words, even the words of our Lord
Jesus Christ, and to the doctrine which is according to godliness;
4 He is proud, knowing nothing, but doting [sticking] about questions
and strifes of words, whereof cometh envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings
6:4 Those who reject biblical doctrine and pastoral authority will
display what they are.
They are proud.
They are ignorant.
They are argumentative and
will use questions not to seek information but as a springboard for debate.
Because of this more evil will following take
a definite form.
Envy. A disputant who is shamed with defeat is
filled with malignant ill will and with poisonous spite against the victor.
Strife. This results from envy. A
person whose unbiblical thinking is exposed is unwilling to concede the point.
Bitter discord follows.
Railings. In the midst of anger the
temptation comes to blasphemy. Insults are directed against God or the teacher
of the Word of God.
Evil surmising or thoughts. What follows next are base
suspicions. The mind of the individual is haunted by mistrust and foreboding
and so unjust accusations are made. Perception becomes the new reality
replacing true truth.
5 Perverse disputings
[misleading arguments] of men of corrupt minds, and destitute [without] of the
truth, supposing that gain is godliness: from such withdraw thyself.
Perverse disputing. The downward emotional
spiral of evil continues with misleading arguments. The person who rejects the Bible and pastoral
oversight will engage in open and scurrilous verbal abuse, stinging insults and
heated invectives. They will also not hesitate to engage in covert insulations,
malicious innuendos and thinly veiled distain. More often than not those who
are characterized by this behavior are viewed as being religious. They also
tend to have financial resources in which they have learned to trust believing
that their financial gain is a reflection of their godliness—and the naïve in
the assembly are tempted to believe it as well. However, it is not true that
health and wealth is the essence or even the evidence of vital godliness. While
the gifts of God are to be received and enjoyed with gratitude they are not to
be unduly valued or treasured. The object of the heart’s desire is God Himself
(Prov. 8:17; Jer. 29:13). Permission is given to the church to mark such people
trouble they create and avoid them. Romans 16:17 Now I beseech you, brethren,
mark them which cause divisions and offences contrary to the doctrine which ye
have learned; and avoid them.
6 But godliness with contentment is great gain.
6:6 The story is told of a Quaker who promised to
deed a nice piece of property to the most contented person who could prove it.
An applicant came to the door and applied for the deed. “I deserve the land
because I have everything I need. I am most content. Now, I will be glad if you
will make the deed out to me.” “Friend,” came the reply, “if thee
is contented what does thee want with my lot?” The Jewish Talmud says that man comes into the
world with his fists clenched but he dies with his hands wide open. Coming into
the world and going through life there is a grasping for the toys of time, but
going out everything is given up. A popular adage notes that no one has ever
seen a U-Haul following a hearse to the graveyard. Everything is left behind.
7 For we brought nothing into this
world, and it is certain we can carry
8 And having food and raiment let us be therewith content.
9 But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish and hurtful lusts,
which drown men in destruction and perdition.
6:9 Playing the lottery, being in a tier of a
financial pyramid scheme, embracing the health and wealth gospel—these are
modern examples of how Christians are lured into temptation by longing to be
rich. The divine warning has been issued. Destruction and damnation is just
10 For the love of money is the root of all evil: which while some
coveted after [were greedy about], they have erred [turned away] from the
faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.
6:10 It is not money but the love of money that is the
root of all evil. Another root or source of evil is bitterness according to
Hebrews 12:15 and a lust pattern that desires more and more as per James 4:1.
11 But thou, O man of God, flee these things; and follow after
righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, meekness.
12 Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold [seek diligently] on eternal
life, whereunto thou art also called, and hast professed a good profession
before many witnesses.
13 I give thee charge in the sight of God, who quickeneth [gives life]
all things, and before Christ Jesus,
who before Pontius Pilate witnessed a good confession;
6:13 Paul gave Timothy three personal charges and one to
pass on to others.
First charge. Timothy was commanded to
follow after righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience and meekness (1
Second charge. Timothy was charged to
fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life whereunto he was called
(1 Tim. 6:12).
Third charge. Timothy was exhorted to
keep the commandments without spot and unrebukeable until the appearing of
Jesus Christ (1 Tim. 6:13).
Timothy was to
instruct the rich how to act in respect to wealth (1 Tim. 6:17).
14 That thou keep this commandment
without spot, unrebukeable, until the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ:
6:14 The return of Christ is set forth in a simple
manner in Scripture. Jesus will come again as He went away— slowly,
bodily and visibly (Acts 1:11). He will appear the second time for all who
believe (Hebrews 9:28). There is nothing
in Scripture about the Second Advent taking place in stages or
15 Which in his times he shall shew, who is the blessed and only Potentate, the King of kings, and Lord
6:15 The glory and majesty of Christ will one day be
made more manifest for all to see. This however does not negate the fact that
Jesus is even now King of kings and Lord of lords (Rev. 19:16) with all power
and authority given to Him (Matt. 28:18). Jesus is Prophet, Priest and King now
and forever, Amen.
16 Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can
approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom be honour and power everlasting. Amen.
6:16 Only God hath immortality; all others derive
life from Him. Only God has blazing glory which no man can approach unto for
God is light and in Him is no darkness at all (1 John 1:5).
No mortal eye can stand such light; only those in
Christ can abide in the presence of the Eternal Light.
17 Charge [command] them that are rich in this world [life], that they
be not high-minded [proud], nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living
God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy;
18 That they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to
distribute, willing to communicate [give to the needy];
6:18 The conversion of the heart brings a change of
attitude toward the resources entrusted to the Christian. God writes that law
upon the heart, which says, “It is more blessed to give than to receive”
(Acts 20:35). When Zacchaeus came to
faith he said, “And Zacchaeus stood, and said
unto the Lord; Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I
have taken any thing from any man by false accusation, I restore him fourfold”
19 Laying up in store for themselves a good
foundation against the time to come, that they may lay hold on eternal life.
6:17-19 Paul instructs Timothy and all ministers by way of
instruct those that are rich with material possessions in
a specific way.
wealthy are to be instructed not to be proud. It is God who determines the
ultimate wealth any
person has. No person is self-made. It is God who gives
intelligence, opportunities and business acumen.
wealthy are not to become proud because they are better off than others.
Second, the rich
are not to trust in their riches but in the living God. Money will not buy
happiness. Health or a longer life. Nor will money make pain go away when
tragedy strikes an individual. There only security a person has is the grace of
God. Banks may fail. Stock markets may crash. Insurance companies may go broke.
Business partners may prove to be unfaithful. Only God will not fail.
who are rich are to be exhorted to do good works with their financial gains.
Freely a Christian has received, freely they must give.
For those who
have money and use it generously for the glory of God, the Lord will recognize
and honor the good that is done.
20 O Timothy, keep that which is committed to thy trust, avoiding
profane [individuals who do not honor God] and
vain babblings, and oppositions of science falsely so called:
6:20 Science is knowledge arranged in an orderly
way. True science is nothing to fear for all knowledge is God’s knowledge.
However, there is a science falsely called identified by a hypothesis that
cannot be supported by known facts.
21 Which some professing have erred [made mistakes] concerning the
faith. Grace be with thee. Amen.
1 Timothy 6
Questions on 1 Timothy 6
What is the spiritual law of redirection?
Those who reject the Word of God and pastoral authority are
characterized by three distinctives. What are they?
What is the character fruit of those who defy spiritual authority?
List the three personal charges Paul gave to Timothy.
How was Timothy to counsel the rich?
Answers for 1 Timothy 6
Personal Application and Reflection
If you know of a church that has seen division, reflect upon the nature
of those who caused the division. Did they follow the biblical pattern that
How can a Christian protect the heart from covetousness? What do you
think about the Health and Wealth Gospel? (1 Tim. 6:9-10).
Do you have a reputation for being righteous, godly, faithful, loving,
patient and meek (1 Tim. 6:11)? Is it deserved? If not, what areas need to be
4. Why do people tend to give
more honor and authority to the voice of individuals that are viewed as
wealthy? (James 2:1-9)
5. List some practical ways a
Christian can “flee” from evil by removing opportunity to do wrong. Address the
following areas: TV, internet, reading material, conversations, movies and
Timothy 6:13 I give thee charge in the sight of God, who quickeneth all things,
and before Christ Jesus, who before Pontius Pilate witnessed a good confession;
14 That thou keep this commandment without spot, unrebukeable, until the
appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ: 15 Which in his times he shall shew, who is
the blessed and only Potentate, the King of kings, and Lord of lords; 16 Who
only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto;
whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom be honour and power everlasting.